Cervicitis Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Cervicitis is the most common gynecological disorder found among women irrespective of the age factor.

Any woman who has one sexual encounter and has experienced abdominal pain or any unusual vaginal discharge could be affected by it. 

Cervicitis Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Cervicitis does not yield to self-diagnosis because its symptoms can lead to confusion about other ailments such as vaginitis. 

If cervicitis is not treated it can lead to problems in conceiving or delivering a healthy baby. 

Cervicitis can be easily diagnosed by your Gynaecologist with a variety of drugs and procedures.

What is Cervicitis?

It is the inflammation of the cervix- the lower part of the uterus that extends about an inch into the vaginal canal. 

Usually, cervicitis results due to infection although it could also be caused by an injury or irritation that could be the result of chemicals in contraceptives or forgotten tampon.

Cervicitis Symptoms

The first symptom of cervicitis could be a vaginal discharge that becomes more pronounced after your menstrual cycle. 

Other symptoms include bleeding, itching, or irritation of any of the external genitals, pain during intercourse, a burning sensation during urination, or lower back pain. 

If it is mild, then you might not notice any symptoms at all. In a serious form, it could cause a profuse, discharge with an unpleasant odor along with intense vaginal itchiness or abdominal pain. If this infection gets into your system then it may cause fever and nausea.

If it lasts for a long time then it could even lead to pregnancy because this abnormal mucus production interferes with the ability of the sperm to enter the cervical canal, but this infection could also spread to the uterus or fallopian tube leading to the ovaries. 

It is important to visit your Gynaecologist when you experience pain or unusual discharge because many times, cervicitis can be confused with signs of other disorders. 

The problem could be an infection of the vulva, uterus, fallopian tubes or urinary tract or could also be a sign of another cervical condition called cervical erosion. 

Cervical Erosion of the cervix is caused when the cervical surface layer is partially or completely missing. 

It is the result of the body’s normal defense system or whenever there is some injury, infection, irritation or when white blood cells are mobilized, the blood circulation within the area increases.

Cervicitis Treatment 

If untreated then it could also lead to risks such as miscarriage, premature delivery, infection of her newborn during delivery also leading to pneumonia or severe eye infection, or even blindness. 

Antibiotics successfully treat cervicitis in most cases. For some  Cervicitis, your Doctor may suggest laser therapy or surgery.

Some Alternative Natural Care like Ayurveda and Chinese herbal medicines are used in many places too for the treatment of Cervicitis. One of the Natural probiotics is Yogurt, which seems to be very popular in Asian Countries as a medicinal food to treat Cervicitis.

The cervix which is of pale pink and smooth becomes red and swollen. Your Gynaecologist may recommend you a biopsy if the cervix seems to be abnormal or colposcopy, another diagnostic technique.

Checkout some more Mahapatra Hospital Cuttack: Gynecology Topics